2015 is a year in the 21st century.
By this time in history, technology had progressed as much during the 30 years since 1985 as it had during the previous 30 years from 1955 to 1985. Electronics were in virtually everything from clothing to garbage cans to make them move, talk and/or make electronic noises.
Flying cars, once they were invented and perfected, had become so common that drivers no longer needed roads — except perhaps for short journeys. Skyways dominated the skies of central California and eventually the entire world. Cultural influences from other countries, particularly Japan, were more often seen in food and clothing.
Life was lived at a quicker pace than before, in evidence by the speed that people walked down the street, the time it took to cook dinner, and the swiftness of court trials.
Hill Valley underwent a period of gentrification, or revitalization of its downtown. With an increased concern for the environment, the Courthouse Square was landscaped with a large artificial lake (with the surrounding road having NO LANDING markings applied to dissuade drivers of flying cars from bringing their vehicles down near the lake), and businesses were brought back with the construction of an underground Courthouse Mall.
In Back to the Future Part II, while Doc Brown (dad of Jules and Verne Brown, husband of Clara Clayton Brown) takes care of an unconsious Jennifer Parker, Marty McFly lands into the water after using a hoverboard during the chase, managing to escape from Griff Tannen and his gang, and as a result, they crash into the courthouse and end up in jail, thus preventing the robbery for which Marty Jr. would have been jailed.
It should be noted however that 2015 encountered by the DeLorean is presented as only one possible future. Some events such as Marty getting into an automobile accident in 1985 as well as him being fired from his office job in 2015 are explicitly shown to have been averted by the end of Back to the Future Part III. Whether the rest of 2015 was altered as a result remains to be seen. It is also possible that Doc and Marty’s activities in 1885 had long-term effects that were still too subtle to be noticed when Marty returned to 1985, but which fanned out and caused significant historical changes between 1985 and 2015. Examples must remain purely hypothetical, but one could for instance imagine that the great-grandmother and great-grandfather of the person who would invent anti-gravity devices in the 1990s met on a train in 1886. However, since the locomotive that would pull said train was stolen and destroyed by Marty and Doc already one year earlier, an entire family line faded from history. The inventor of anti-gravity devices was never born. Such hypothetical scenarios could explain why we currently seem to be heading for a 2015 without hoverboards and flying cars.
While, through 2013, more than 60 percent of IT adoption of the cloud will be to redeploy current applications, a shift will take place beyond that to exploit private and hybrid cloud techniques. For this, Gartner advises companies to develop only after public services have been integrated with private delivery. The report also emphasizes results, as even at an enterprise-wide level, peer pressure can move projects forward without valid business reason to do so.
5 cool technologies Samsung Galaxy devices will have before 2015
At an analyst meeting in Korea this week, Samsung has revealed some of its plans for the future, specifically centered on mobile. While the focus of the event was to discuss financials, this was the first time it has gathered analysts this way since 2005, so it made the most of the opportunity. Here are five technologies Samsung intends to bring out in the next few years.
Flexible, foldable devices
Samsung Screen Future
Samsung’s CEO Kwon Oh-hyun spoke about the future of its mobile phones. What can we look forward to? Well, the recently introduced Samsung Galaxy Round is just the beginning, as the curved phone will be joined by flexible and foldable hardware in the future. According to SammyHub.com, the first bendable phones will come in mid-2014, with foldable devices nearer the end of 2015.
Way more wearable ones, too
The same slide also hinted at Samsung’s wearable technology plans. Fitting in somewhere between the Galaxy Round and the first bendable devices regarding timeframe, a presentation slide shows the Galaxy Gear and a pair of Google Glass-like spectacles. Samsung recently filed a patent for a product which looks very similar to the specs on show here, indicating it’s interested in challenging Google Glass soon.
Following a question from the floor, Kwon talked honestly about whether Samsung had plans to improve its software. He replied that he was aware the company’s software, “Wasn’t as good as its hardware.” Does this mean it has realized TouchWiz is bloated? It almost certainly indicates we’ll see an improved and possibly more streamlined version on future Galaxy smartphones.
Ultra HD screens
Touchscreens with a higher than 1080p resolution are one of the next big things in mobile, with LG and Japan Display both already trumpeting the development of 2560 x 1440 pixel panels. Samsung’s certainly not going to be left behind, and has said it’s looking at both that resolution and beyond, up to a massive 3840 x 2160 pixels. That’s a whopping 800ppi pixel density on the average phone. Overkill? Yes, probably. The first stage is for the 2560 x 1440 panels to arrive, and they may come in early 2014.
Custom 64-bit processors
Samsung 64 bit Chip
Moving beyond its Exynos chip range, Samsung could join Apple and Qualcomm in designing its own ARM-compatible chips from the ground up. A slide from the event shows Samsung is working on a 64-bit processor based on ARM’s own design (which is just like its current Exynos chips), along with a second 64-bit chip made with a Samsung developed core. Both the 64-bit chip and the above screen technology could become a part of the rumored Galaxy F.
In addition to all this, Samsung’s CFO admitted the firm has been “conservative” when it comes to buying up other companies, but said this could change in the future. Oh, and if you dislike the word “phablet,” then Samsung’s Head of Mobile, JK Shin, has retired the phrase in favor of one which is just as bad: Fonblet. He says fonblets are devices with a large display but still remaining portable, that include a stylus. That’d be the Galaxy Note series, then.
As we’ve still got at least a year before the flexible and bendable phones arrive, we’ll leave you with one of Samsung’s most cringe-worthy promo videos we’ve seen (which is quite a feat in itself) showing the potential of this type of technology.
The End of Service Desks
As users expect service in real time and crowdsourcing support is becoming more prevalent, the effectiveness of reactive processes of service desks is dwindling. Gartner suggests companies build transition strategies that enable a proactive business productivity team.
Virtual- and Software-Defined Networks
Virtualization means delivering on many of IT’s promises: more automation, separating hardware from software, increased agility, simplified design, policy-based management, network management bonded to broader IT workflow systems, etc. This will bring a lot of change in terms of processes and interaction, between humans, systems and one another.
Windows 9 is released by Microsoft
Following the much-criticised Windows 8, Microsoft launches a major overhaul of the operating system in 2015. Windows 9.0 addresses a number of usability issues – refining the “Metro” design language of its predecessor and providing a more distinct experience for desktop, mobile and other platforms. This includes a return of the traditional Start Menu. The OS introduces a more unified code base, for improved compatibility and simpler transfer of data between various devices and services. There is a much greater focus on apps. Highly advanced gesture recognition is also incorporated, now that 3D cameras are becoming more common. It also deals with power management issues. Initially codenamed “Threshold”, it is released in April 2015.
The world’s first fully sustainable, zero-carbon, zero-waste city
The first phase of Masdar City – a $22 billion eco-project – is completed in 2015.* This huge development is located outside of Abu Dhabi in the United Arab Emirates. Entirely pre-planned and self-contained, it is the world’s first carbon neutral, zero waste and fully sustainable city. A multitude of green technologies are utilised – including the largest solar power plant in the Middle East, rooftop photovoltaics, wind farms, geothermal sources and a hydrogen power plant. The city’s water needs are fulfilled by a solar-powered desalination plant. There are extensive recycling systems too.
Masdar City will initially be home to around 7,000 residents and 15,000 commuters. Its commercial sector is primarily concerned with the manufacture of environmentally-friendly products. Automobiles are banned from the city, residents instead using integrated forms of mass transit and personal rapid transit.* It is connected to the rest of Abu Dhabi through rail and existing roadways. It contains a university, an institute of science and technology and hosts the headquarters of the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA).
Masdar City will undergo major expansion. The final phase of the project will be completed by 2025, covering an area of 6 sq km (2.3 sq mi). By then, it will contain over 50,000 residents and 1,500 businesses.
A new generation of hi-tech supercarriers
The first in a new generation of US aircraft carriers is launched this year. The Gerald R. Ford-class replaces the aging Nimitz-class which has been in service since 1975. This new class of ship includes some major improvements over previous generations. These include: increased automation, electromagnetic aircraft launch systems to replace previous steam mechanisms, increased stealth, a new type of nuclear reactor for more efficient power consumption, high tech radar and flight control, as well as the ability to carry the new F-35 Lightning II fighter jet. Ten carriers are commissioned in total, at a cost of $14bn each (including research and development). The 10th and final ship is launched by 2040
The next generation of optical discs
This year sees the release of a new optical disc format with 300GB capacity.* It has been jointly developed by Sony and Panasonic. By comparison, dual-layer Blu-rays can only store up to 50GB. Initially aimed at industries like digital cinema, broadcasters and data centres, these discs will soon reach the mainstream consumer market. The demand for such high-capacity storage is being driven by the explosion of video content (which includes ultra-high definition footage), along with a general need for improved long-term data archiving.
DDR4 memory reaches the home PC market
DDR4 is the fourth generation of double data rate, synchronous dynamic random-access memory (SDRAM) after DDR (2002), DDR2 (2004) and DDR3 (2007).* It features greater speed, memory density and energy efficiency, with devices using 20 nanometre (nm) process technology allowing consumer-grade modules of up to 32 GB.* Though Samsung and others introduced DDR4 memory boards in 2013, processor boards like Intel’s Broadwell did not yet support this standard. High-end servers in data centres were able to take advantage of DDR4 in 2014. However, the home PC market would have to wait until 2015